African: South African of South Africa

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Kunjani (hello in Africaan-from Jenny S.)! My (Sal) first experience on South Africa came during 7th-8th grade back in Battle Creek Middle School. We had an assignment to write our concerns (freeing Nelson Mandela)on the South African Apartheid to Rev. Jessie Jackson. I got a letter back, which contained an "print" autograph picture of Jessie Jackson. Being a young teen at the time, I thought this was cool to get a autograph picture by a distinguished political figure at that time.

I would later learn about the ongoing developments and political changes after writing a letter as a homework assignment. Being able to write a letter dealing with the political situation of South Africa gave me an interest to follow closely on the current changes.

UMM Connections

My first South African I met was a Taiwanese born and raised in this country. I though it was very odd, which I never though of Asians living in this African continent. I would then later meet a British college student born and raised in this country. He would rather be called "South African" instead of British as he corrected me one time.

Just chatted with a good friend today (Saturday, August 11th of 2007)...

Jenny lives in Orange Grove (Region 3 of Johannesburg)

Sony Ericcson

Recommended Resources



"We’re all missionaries’
Morris Sun Tribune Published Wednesday, December 27, 2006
" In June, Dave Taffe was serving as a delegate for Faith Lutheran Church at the Southwestern Minnesota Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Synod Assembly in St. Peter. During the two-day assembly, Bishop John Anderson would pop into meetings and run through a tight five-minute PowerPoint presentation about South Africa, HIV/AIDS and the work that needed to be done in the Synod's "Sister Synod" in South Africa.
"He was pushing the bigger picture," Taffe said. "It definitely helped me draw the bigger picture. We're all missionaries."
Another subject that arose at the assembly was planning for an upcoming trip to South Africa. The trip weighed on Taffe's mind. He started thinking about it almost constantly, and a week after returning from the assembly he approached his wife Cindy about his reoccupation.
Dave Taffe, of Morris, was among a 17-person Minnesota Evangelical Church in America delegation to visit South Africa in November to learn more about what can be done about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the country. Taffe reviews a photo of beds donated to a proposed care center in Eschowe, near South Africa’s eastern coast.
"I told her, 'I think I've experienced a calling,' " Taffe said. " 'I've been sitting on this for a week and I can't get it out of my mind. I'm thinking I'm going to do it.' "
Taffe became one of 17 people for about a half-dozen synod churches who embarked on the South Africa trip in early November. Even now, Taffe said the impact it’s had on his frame of mind, on his life, aren't easy to talk about.
At a time when HIV/AIDS are almost an afterthought in the United States -- for example, the University of Minnesota is expected to close its AIDS research program because funding has dried up -- South Africa has seen entire generations of people wiped out by the disease. Fighting it requires changing political, cultural and economic forces that are so deeply ingrained Taffe and others can see almost no solution.
Most Americans remain blissfully ignorant of the scourge that rages through populations in South Africa, and Taffe and his trip cohorts are aiming to change that, at least in this region of Minnesota.
"This is out there, if you don't turn your back on it," Taffe said. "And I think I was turning my back to it -- you know, the Sally Struthers ads ... I'm not going to pay 40 cents a day. I wasn't looking for a life-changing experience -- I'm not going to sell all my clothes and toys and donate everything I have. But I found you can do something."
Off the edge of the earth
Taffe and the group left in early November and landed in Cape Town, South Africa. They spent a couple days in the cosmopolitan capital, adjusting to the time and culture changes.
Cape Town had everything for a comfortable and stimulating lifestyle, and the group did some sightseeing, including a trip to the cell where the iconic Nelson Mandela spent years in confinement.
As sobering as that singular event was, Taffe spent the time wondering what the group was doing there. Was this really the way to make a difference as a missionary in the fight against HIV/AIDS?
The group then flew to Durban, a port city on the Indian Ocean on South Africa's eastern coast. Suddenly, the real trip had begun.
"There are big cultural differences between Cape Town and Durban," Taffe said. "Once I left the (Durban) airport, I didn't have control over anything and I could feel it."
Members of the group fanned out with host families in the South African countryside, some of them on their own. Given the culture, Taffe said he sometimes didn't know if he would be picked up two hours before an appointed time or two hours after it.
He was put up in a home that housed 17 people. The countryside was enveloped in fog much of the time. Taffe has journal entries of the three days spend in that environment and he still hasn't been able to reread them.
"It took two weeks before I could talk about those three days and some of the negative experiences," Taffe said. "I felt like I stepped off the edge of the earth. They were beautiful people, it was a beautiful place if you could have seen it. But I was out of my element and it was hard."
Taffe didn't recognize it at first, but the itinerary was a calculated move by Harvey Nelson, a Litchfield pastor who has spent considerable time working in Africa.
"At one of my low points during the trip, I was thinking, 'Harvey, you should have told us more about this and what we could expect,' " Taffe said. "And then it kind of hit me -- 'Harvey, you fox, you knew how to do this.' "
The goal was to get the group thinking about what all were up against in the fight against HIV/AIDS.
Taffe recalled visiting an area called District 6, from which more than 60,000 people were displaced prior to the fall of apartheid in the mid-1990s. The land had been part of the city and declared a slum, but now still remains vacant because the people don’t feel right about redeveloping it.
In the rural areas, poverty forces many men to leave for extended times to work in the cities. Prostitution is rampant, Taffe said, and the men then return to their homes and spead HIV/AIDS to wives, who in the male-dominated society, have no realistic way to avoid engaging in unprotected sex. Taffe said women laugh when asked if they use condoms. Many men believe HIV/AIDS is witchcraft, and HIV/AIDS testing is often a taboo; knowledge that a person had been tested could get them fired from a job or -- worse -- physical abuse, Taffe said.
"You could feel the hierarchy, from top to bottom, even in the church," Taffe said. "There's one whole generation that's gone because of AIDS. You've got grandparents taking care of six-year-olds, and you have six-year-olds taking care of babies. Future doctors and lawyers are being buried. You can't change the culture of the grandparents but you can save the kids. They need a safe haven and that might be the church."
The ‘ABCs’ of AIDS fight
Taffe gritted his teeth when he talked about supressing the urge to get "politically mad" about the situation. From a Western perspective, it's difficult to comprehend a population that seemingly cannot grasp the "ABC" concept -- abstinence, behavioral change, condomization -- that is being pursued in South Africa. Even the church isn't pushing hard on the use of condoms, Taffe said.
"It's not just about getting money over here, it's not just getting drugs over here," Taffe said. "A cure ain't coming. The church needs to do it. The church needs to set the policies."
After their solitary visits in the countryside, the group reconvened in the compound of the bishop of the diocese, which is the equivalent of a U.S. synod. They heard about Taffe’s visit to a site where people were trying to develop a care center, which would serve the terminally ill and provide a place for orphaned children and a senior center. Taffe developed a rudimentary business plan for a six-person council attempting to get the care center operating.
All members of the six-person care center council had been hit by HIV/AIDS, losing brothers, sisters, cousins and others.
Taffe was the lone American in the delegation to visit the proposed care center, and he promised the council he would mention the project to the bishop. That would be just another item on the bishop’s busy schedule, which was constantly full with weddings and funerals. Taffe said the church cemetery was covered in fresh graves.
"That told it all right there -- all those fresh graves," Taffe said.
There's no exact way to gauge how many people are infected in South Africa, but Taffe said his closest estimate is 35 percent. Poverty and illiteracy compound the difficulty of fighting HIV/AIDS, if they aren't the root cause of the problem. Lagging women's rights, a lack of economic stability and myriad cultural obstacles remain ahead, but there are positive signs, Taffe said.
After visiting the dilapidated building that is the hoped-for home of the care center, the local group had a dinner and a service of singing and prayers. Men, women, children, all joining together and at least temporarily breaking down the hierarchy that impedes so much progress.
Taffe said he went from one of his low points to a high point in that day.
Now home, the group will gather again in Litchfield in early January to talk about their experiences, and Taffe said he is preparing to speak to groups in the area about what he's witnessed.
"I got educated and overwhelmed," Taffe said. "When we left, people said, 'It would be nice if you could come back, but if you can't come back it would be nice if you leave your heart in South Africa.' I thought, 'I can't leave my heart in South Africa, it'll destroy me.' But I think we all did."
Taffe’s photo of the care center’s board of directors visiting the building in which they want to establish the care center for terminally ill AIDS patients, orphaned children and senior citizens.
Thousands of children, many the ages of these kids that Taffe photographed in Emeni, South Africa, are growing up without parents who have died from AIDS.
Hospitals, like the South African facility shown here, are fighting to combat a disease to which people have been slow to react because of cultural, religious and economic factors.

Related Sites:

  • Issues: Sex-Aids, from Goodnews UMM
  • State-GoodnewsMinnesota


  • Twin Cities man wanted for Medicaid scheme caught in S. Africa , Posted at: 04/17/2008 06:58:05 PM By: Nicole Muehlhausen, Web Producer Print Story Email to a Friend (

  • "South African Police arrested a 51-year-old fugitive from Eden Prairie as he attempted to cross from South Africa to Zimbabwe last week.
    Mohamed Essa was deported to the U.S. and appeared in a Virginia state court Thursday.
    He will be transported to Minnesota by the U.S. Marshals Service to face charges in connection with a health care fraud and money laundering conspiracy.
    Essa had been indicted last year in connection with a conspiracy against the Medicaid public health care benefit program in Minnesota.
    Essa with one count of health care fraud conspiracy, 12 counts of health care fraud, one count of money laundering conspiracy, 19 counts of concealment money laundering, and seven counts of promotion money laundering.
    Essa’s indictment alleges that he conducted the conspiracy starting in 2001 through 2004.
    The indictment alleges that Essa and his wife, Indadeeq Omar, owned and operated Global Interpreter Corp., which contracted with Medicaid to provide translation services for those in the Medicaid program.
    Officials said Essa and Omar defrauded the program out of $1.7 million.
    A third defendant involved in the conspiracy, Tou Chaiker Vang, 39, of Maplewood, was
    sentenced to over a year in prison, plus three years of supervised release. Vang and Omar must pay more than $1.7 million in restitution. "




  • Ministry shares Jesus while children share dreams Posted: 11 January, 2008 * Topics in this story: * children * , hiv/aids * , medical ministry * , school (Mission Network News)

  • " South Africa (MNN) ― Book of Hope has partnered with a medical ministry to help residents in Atteridgeville both physically and spiritually.
    The town is also referred to as "Phelindaba" which means "end of story: in Zulu. It has taken this name because it is near the Phelindaba and Valindaba nuclear sites that are no longer in use. The township is still divided by ethnic group in some areas as well.
    A Book of Hope team went into the local school where children are bused from all around to do medical check-ups. Many of the children there are smaller than the average South African students their age. 210 children speaking eight different tribal languages attend the school.
    The team gave out the Book of Hope while doing the check-ups. They also shared about Jesus while the children shared about their dreams for the future, like being an astronaut or a doctor or a teacher.
    One team member who prayed with a young girl after telling her about Jesus said that the girl looked her in the eyes and said, ‘I love you.'
    One 12-year-old girl shared with a team member that she had been sexually active for several years. Volunteers told her about HIV/AIDS while she listened intently. After asking the girl if she had any questions, the girl thanked the volunteer and they hugged.
    Book of Hope International About this Organization
    Book of Hope International Phone: (954) 975-7777 Fax: (954)975-0620 URL: Web site 3111 SW 10th Street Pompano, FL 33069 This Story in Audio 1min 2min 4.5min How Can You Help?


    South Africa Documentary

    "Promo for full-length documentary on post-apartheid South Africa, by Layla Halfhill "


  • Dioceses and Parishes, The Catholic Internet- and E-Mail-Directory of Southern Africa

  • St. Anthony, parish that my friend (Jennifer C.-met Oct 07')'s mom attends
  • Harvest Christian Church, in Port Elizabeth
  • Macedonia New Life Church

  • No Limits Mime

    "Macedonia New life Mime mime No limits by isreal and New breed alive in south africa...Awesome"
  • South African Local Churches on the Web
  • Cities

  • City of Johannesburg

  • Related Sites:
    ' No-one could have imagined the repercussions when an unemployed miner found a stone bearing traces of gold here in 1886, an event that led to the discovery of the world’s richest natural treasure trove.
    People flocked to the Johannesburg area from all ends of the earth, and the open pastoral landscape changed almost overnight. Shantytowns sprang up and were rapidly transformed into modern concrete cities. Johannesburg became ‘The Gold Capital of the World’, and the entire country was catapulted into an economic boom. "
    "is the largest and most populous city in South Africa. The city is affectionately known as Jo'burg,Joeys Jozi, JHB or iGoli by South Africans. Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, the wealthiest province in South Africa, and which has the largest economy of any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa. The city is one of the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the world, and Africa's only officially designated global city (classified as a gamma world city). While often assumed to be South Africa's capital, Johannesburg does not form one of South Africa's three capital cities. Johannesburg does, however, house the South African Constitutional Court - South Africa's highest court."
    MapQwest, city map
    Orange Grove Services:
  • Flower Shops
  • Economy

  • JOb 4 U
  • Education


  • HANDS Teams now build schools in Africa Posted: 26 March, 2008 (Mission Network News)

  • "..Worldwide Christian Schools' Dale Dieleman is the Field Director for Africa. He says they are part of the solution, planning to help with an elementary school in Soweto, near Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Field partners Pastor Johnson Mncube and his wife, Nomsa, run a small Christian school called "Africa Outreach" in one of the poorest neighborhoods in Soweto. The school began in 1993 with ten children from church-going families in the neighborhood, and it has now grown to accommodate more than 70 students from the greater community. "

  • Boston City Campus

  • School Manager: Mbongeni Sibusiso Mthupha
    *friend (Jenny Suping) attends here

    Money Gram South Africa-Consumer Protection in South Africa
    "Make sure the person or company you are sending money to (or who you are sending money on behalf of) is someone you know and trust. Please also keep the information relating to your transaction confidential. Once the money has been paid out to the person you name as the receiver, cancellation or refund is no longer possible. If you need to cancel or change a transaction, please call MoneyGram or contact the MoneyGram agent that sent the transaction for you."

    Related Sites:
    Hoax e-mail man sentenced 18/08/2007 11:45 - (SA) news24
    "Johannesburg - An information technology specialist has been given a suspended prison sentence for his role in the ANC's hoax e-mail saga, the Saturday Star reported.
    Funi Madlala co-operated with the Inspector General of Intelligence in the matter and was given three months behind bars, suspended for three years. "

    South African Fraud Service



  • Joyce Meyer Ministries 2007 Tour, in Johannesburg from Oct 12th-13th 2007
  • SALT 2007, in University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
  • Government

  • South Africa Government Online
  • -Police

  • South African Police Service

  • South Africa House

  • "Fraud Alert!
    It has come to the attention of the South African Police Service that unsolicited letters, faxes and e-mails are being sent all over the world by fraudsters, purporting to be senior government officials from South Africa or officials within our central banking institution, the South African Reserve Bank. In such unsolicited correspondence most commonly sent out, the fraudster will claim to have over inflated government contracts, thus generating a personal profit. The recipient of the unsolicited correspondence is offered a reward of between 10 to 30% in return for help in smuggling the money out of the country.
    These types of letters are an "Advance Fee Fraud", or what is more commonly known as "419-Letter-scams""


    British colonization


    Epedimics in South Africa

    "This video clip shows how Newsong Church sent physicians to investigate and document the AIDS and tuberculosis epidemics that are plaguing the people of South Africa."


  • Afrikaans, from ethnic harvest
  • Zulu
    "is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population) as well as being understood by over 50% of the population (Ethnologue 2005). It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994 at the end of apartheid."


  • African National Congress
  • Go 2 Africa
  • Safari Now
  • Miscellaneous

  • Info Please

  • " The San people were the first settlers; the Khoikhoi and Bantu-speaking tribes followed. The Dutch East India Company landed the first European settlers on the Cape of Good Hope in 1652, launching a colony that by the end of the 18th century numbered only about 15,000. Known as Boers or Afrikaners, and speaking a Dutch dialect known as Afrikaans, the settlers as early as 1795 tried to establish an independent republic.
    After occupying the Cape Colony in that year, Britain took permanent possession in 1815 at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, bringing in 5,000 settlers. Anglicization of government and the freeing of slaves in 1833 drove about 12,000 Afrikaners to make the “great trek” north and east into African tribal territory, where they established the republics of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State."

  • Wikipedia

  • "South Africa has experienced a different history from other nations in Africa as a result of early immigration from Europe and the strategic importance of the Cape Sea Route. European immigration started shortly after the Dutch East India Company founded a station at (what was to become) Cape Town in 1652. The closure of the Suez Canal during the Six-Day War exemplifies its significance. The country's relatively developed infrastructure made its mineral wealth available and important to Western interests, particularly throughout the late nineteenth century; then, with international competition and rivalry during the Cold War. South Africa is an ethnically diverse nation with the largest white, Indian, and racially-mixed communities in Africa. Black South Africans, who speak nine officially-recognised languages and many more dialects, account for slightly less than 80% of the population."


    *see Bible

  • Capital Christian Ministries International

  • "We are positioned and empowered by God to make a difference on the continent of Africa. Capital Christian Ministries International (CCMI) is mobilizing and equipping a great ministry team of Covenant Partners and Missionaries who are shining the light of our Christ on a continent whose potential is gradually unfolding."
  • Christian network links for Southern Africa,
  • Elim Ministries, in Fish Hoek (near Capetown)
  • Hope for the Nations, linked from Love Mercy in Port Elizabeth

  • *referred through Assist's article on IHOP 24/7 Prayer
  • Iris Ministries, based in Mozambique, but has 2 locations in SA
  • Joy Ministries, a Pentecostal / Charismatic Church in Kensington-Johannesburg
  • Love of Christ Ministries, "established for the newborn and abandoned babies"
  • Lutheran Hour Ministries
  • Rhema Ministries, in Johannesburg
  • Serving In Mission

  • "SIM missionaries are involved in a variety of ministries including evangelism and church planting, discipleship, Christian education, theological education, and leadership development. There is a specialist ministry which focus on international students, as well as work at a hospital and a children's home. Work among miners is being handed over to local church partners. A variety of HIV/AIDS projects are being run in cooperation with church partners, encompassing prevention, home-based care, and care for orphans. In 2003, SIM began helping the Zion Evangelical Ministries of Africa (ZEMA) to teach the Bible to leaders of African independent churches"
    *cool educational video
  • Church Denominations in South Africa Kerkverbande in Suid Afrika
  • Movies

  • Official TSOTSI Film Site

  • Tsotsi - Theatrical trailer

    "Tsotsi is the Academy Award winning South African film written and directed by Gavin Hood.
    Featuring Presley Chweneyagae, Terry Pheto and Zola.
    DVD released on 17 July 2006, and soundtrack available through Milan Records."

    *see Social Issues: Needy, Poverty, Poor, etc... & Issues: Abused
    Tsotsi From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    "His mother dying from complications from HIV disease, the young David ran away from an abusive father and lived with other homeless children in a series of large concrete construction pipes. At the start of the film, David, now known to all as Tsotsi, is leader of a gang including his friends Butcher, Aap and Boston. After getting involved in a murder committed by Butcher during a mugging, Tsotsi and Boston get into a fight which leaves Boston badly injured. Later on Tsotsi shoots Pumla, a young woman, while stealing her car, only to discover a three-month-old baby in the back seat. Tsotsi hastily strips the car of its valuables and takes the baby back to his shack. Pumla survives the attack and works with a police artist to create a composite sketch of Tsotsi's face, which is then run in the newspapers.
    Realizing that he cannot properly care for the baby on his own, Tsotsi spots Miriam, with a young child strapped to her back, collecting water from a public tap. He follows her to her shack and forces her at gunpoint to feed the kidnapped child. Meanwhile, rich gang leader Fela begins attempting to recruit Aap, Boston and Butcher to work for him. After he takes the child to Miriam a second time, she asks Tsotsi to leave the child with her so that she can care for him on Tsotsi's behalf, to which he agrees.
    Tsotsi decides to take care of the injured Boston, and has Aap and Butcher take Boston to his shack. Boston, who is called Teacher Boy by his friends, explains that he never took the teachers' examination, and Tsotsi tells him that the gang will raise the money so that Boston can take the exam. To do so, they will have to commit another robbery.
    Tsotsi, Butcher and Aap go to Pumla and John's house; when John returns from the hospital they follow him into the house and tie him up. Aap is assigned to watch John while Butcher ransacks the bedroom and David collects items from the baby’s room. When Aap goes to raid the fridge, John activates the alarm. In panic, Butcher attempts to kill John, but David kills Butcher and he and Aap escape in John’s car moments before the security company arrives.
    Traumatized by Tsotsi's killing of Butcher and fearing that Tsotsi will one day hurt him too, Aap decides to leave the gang. When Tsotsi goes back to Miriam's house she reveals that she knows where he got the baby, and begs him to return the child to his parents.
    Tsotsi sets off to return the baby. He reaches John’s house, tells John over the intercom that he will leave the child outside the gate. Meanwhile, an officer stationed at the house alerts Captain Smit, who rushes to the scene, arriving just as Tsotsi is about to walk away.
    The police train their guns on Tsotsi, ordering him to return the baby. However, John urges them to lower their weapons so that he can retrieve the baby himself. Holding the baby in his arms, he is convinced by John to give up the baby. Tsotsi emotionally returns the baby to John, then is simply told to put up his hands and the film ends."

    Invictus Trailer English
    Clint Eastwood, Morgan Freeman & Matt Damon Dish on Invictus

    Invictus: Matt Damon in South Africa

    Matt Damon Talks 'Invictus'

    "Uploaded by CBS on Dec 10, 2009 Actor Matt Damon spoke to Harry Smith about the new movie "Invictus," preparing for his role as a South African rugby player and his experience acting with Morgan Freeman "
    Nelson Mandela meets the Springboks

    Nelson Mandela presents the World Cup to Francois PienaarRugby - World Cup 1995


  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a grammy award group

  • "raise the spirit higher" was the theme for their 2005 tour that went through UMM's CAC Convocations event on Saturday, March 5th 2005
    -Learn Zulu -Information of the group
    "Joseph Shabalala, founder and lead singer of Ladysmith, received the source and inspiration for the harmonies of the group in dreams and visions of a heavenly choir, tutoring him on the music and movements that make Ladysmith unique. "Gospel Songs," a 2-CD compilation of Ladysmith's spiritual music, underscores the special power, spiritual effect and hope their music created during the turbulent time of apartheid in South Africa. Joseph was touched by apartheid when his brother was killed by an off-duty security guard. He at first thought it was a message from God to stop singing, but as time went by a spirit came to him and said, "This is your gift from God-carry on." The 33 beautiful spiritual songs on these two CDs reflect the joy, peace and harmony of Joseph's music and encourage people to come to God, "Where He will help you." All Ladysmith's shows end with the message of "Go in peace, love and harmony." We might not understand the words of the songs, but the feeling, heart and purpose speaks out powerfully, loud, clear and filled with hope. An inspiring collection from a legendary group!"


  • Sunday Times, from South Africa
  • Persecution


    "Christians around the world have experienced persecution from the very beginning. This song is nkosi its from an old tape called Freedom is Comming released by Fjedur. The song originated in south africa during apartied"


  • Profile of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, from

  • "...During the early fifties Mandela played an important part in leading the resistance to the Western Areas removals and to the introduction of Bantu Education. He also played a significant role in popularising the Freedom Charter, adopted by the Congress of the People in 1955.
    In the late fifties, Mandela s attention turned to the struggles against the exploitation of labour, the pass laws, the nascent Bantustan policy, and the segregation of the open universities. Mandela arrived at the conclusion very early on that the Bantustan policy was a political swindle and an economic absurdity. He predicted, with dismal prescience, that ahead there lay a grim programme of mass evictions, political persecutions, and police terror. On the segregation of the universities, Mandela observed that the friendship and inter-racial harmony that is forged through the admixture and association of various racial groups at the mixed universities constitute a direct threat to the policy of apartheid and baasskap, and that it was to remove that threat that the open universities were being closed to black students. ...
    Forced to live apart from his family, moving from place to place to evade detection by the government s ubiquitous informers and police spies, Mandela had to adopt a number of disguises. Sometimes dressed as a common labourer, at other times as a chauffeur, his successful evasion of the police earned him the title of the Black Pimpernel. It was during this time that he, together with other leaders of the ANC constituted a new specialised section of the liberation movement, Umkhonto we Sizwe, as an armed nucleus with a view to preparing for armed struggle. At the Rivonia trial, Mandela explained : "At the beginning of June 1961, after long and anxious assessment of the South African situation, I and some colleagues came to the conclusion that as violence in this country was inevitable, it would be wrong and unrealistic for African leaders to continue preaching peace and non-violence at a time when the government met our peaceful demands with force.
    It was only when all else had failed, when all channels of peaceful protest had been barred to us, that the decision was made to embark on violent forms of political struggle, and to form Umkhonto we Sizwe...the Government had left us no other choice."
    In 1961 Umkhonto we Sizwe was formed, with Mandela as its commander-in-chief. In 1962 Mandela left the country unlawfully and travelled abroad for several months. In Ethiopia he addressed the Conference of the Pan African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa, and was warmly received by senior political leaders in several countries. During this trip Mandela, anticipating an intensification of the armed struggle, began to arrange guerrilla training for members of Umkhonto we Sizwe.
    Not long after his return to South Africa Mandela was arrested and charged with illegal exit from the country, and incitement to strike...
    I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.

    ...Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment and started his prison years in the notorious Robben Island Prison, a maximum security prison on a small island 7Km off the coast near Cape Town. In April 1984 he was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town and in December 1988 he was moved the Victor Verster Prison near Paarl from where he was eventually released. While in prison, Mandela flatly rejected offers made by his jailers for remission of sentence in exchange for accepting the bantustan policy by recognising the independence of the Transkei and agreeing to settle there. Again in the 'eighties Mandela rejected an offer of release on condition that he renounce violence. Prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Only free men can negotiate, he said.
    Released on 11 February 1990, Mandela plunged wholeheartedly into his life's work, striving to attain the goals he and others had set out almost four decades earlier. In 1991, at the first national conference of the ANC held inside South Africa after being banned for decades, Nelson Mandela was elected President of the ANC while his lifelong friend and colleague, Oliver Tambo, became the organisation's National Chairperson.
    Nelson Mandela has never wavered in his devotion to democracy, equality and learning. Despite terrible provocation, he has never answered racism with racism. His life has been an inspiration, in South Africa and throughout the world, to all who are oppressed and deprived, to all who are opposed to oppression and deprivation.
    In a life that symbolises the triumph of the human spirit over man s inhumanity to man, Nelson Mandela accepted the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of all South Africans who suffered and sacrificed so much to bring peace to our land.

    *see Racism
    Nelson Mandela Speaks on Tolerance

    "This inspiring Tolerance message from Nelson Mandela has run in 82 countries. It debuted on April 30, 2006 in the program 60 MINUTES on CBS and is believed to be Nelson Mandela's first ever PSA on Tolerance for the U.S. There is no world leader with greater stature on the issue of Diversity and Tolerance than Nelson Mandela -- the power of his words in this message define how Mandela has lived his life and why he was able to lead South Africa from the repression of apartheid into a peaceful democracy. "


  • University of Pretoria

  • A friend from Zambia that went to UMM attend here!



  • Fifa World Cup

  • 2010 World Cup TV Schedule 5/11/2010 11:50 AM ET By FanHouse Staff
    FIFA World Cup South Africa 2010 Official Theme Song

    *see Caucasian-Canadian of Canada Outreach
    Wavin' Flag From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    " a song by Somali-Canadian artist K'naan from his album Troubadour, reaching #2 on the Canadian Hot 100. A remake by an ad hoc supergroup of Canadian artists, credited as Young Artists for Haiti, became a charity single, with this new version going straight to #1 on the Canadian charts. A version of the song featuring and David Guetta is targeted for international release. The song also appears on the soundtrack for the video games NBA 2K10 and 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa.
    The song was chosen as Coca-Cola's promotional anthem for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, hosted by South Africa. The English version was released as "Wavin' Flag (Celebration Mix)" by K'naan and many other bilingual and country-specific versions have been released. After the release of the Celebration Mix prior to the World Cup, "Wavin' Flag" reached number one in Germany, Switzerland and Austria and number two in Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Ireland...

    England vs USA 1-1 World Cup 2010 All Goals


  • World Time Server, 7 hours ahead of (Minnesota-Central Day Light Time)
  • Travel


  • Cheap Flights, from Minneapolis to Durban around $1,000 min
  • South African Airlines
  • Tips, from Iris Ministries

  • "Currently, South African Airways departs Washington DC Dulles daily at 5:20 p.m. and arrives Johannesburg, SA at 3:30 p.m. the next day. Remember, during the fall and winter, Southeast Africa is 7 hours later than Eastern Standard Time. That's 15 hours, 30 minutes non-stop. All three return flights stop for refueling and crew change either on Sal Island, Cape Verde or Dakar, Senegal. South African Airways currently departs both New York JFK and Washington DC Dulles. Delta Airlines has initiated a route from Atlanta to Johannesburg. Delta from Atlanta and South African from JFK stop both directions for refueling and a crew change."

  • Lonely Planet, travel info
  • South Africa
  • Welcome to South Africa
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